Having a healthy pet is our main obligation and we can not take that task lightly. Thus, It is essential to know which diseases are frequent in cats, their symptoms and treatment so that they can be cured as soon as possible. In this article we tell you.
What are the common diseases in cats?
If you are thinking about adopting a cat, or you already have one at home, it is good that you learn about the most common pathologies that this common pet can suffer in homes around the world,
Inflammation of the ear canal is not only common in dogs, but felines can also suffer, especially when they are adults. Otitis causes a lot of pain and if it is not treated in time it causes hearing loss.
It can be caused by different types of mites, fungi or bacteria and the main symptoms are yellowish or brown discharge from the ears, bad smell and "desperate" scraping of the ears.
2. Feline leukemia
It is a type of cancer that affects more cats than we think and appears in young or small specimens. If not treated, the leukemia can lead to the death of the animal.
Among the main symptoms we can indicate the lack of appetite, anemia, drowsiness, generalized weakness, anorexia and the appearance of tumors.
Believe it or not, one of the common diseases in cats is inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes, which appears for very varied reasons …
The Causes they can be allergies, eye infections, environmental contamination, genetic problems or traumatisms.
You will realize very easily if your cat has conjunctivitis, since his eyes will be full of laments, he will tear all the time and his cornea will be darker.
It can also present vision problems; You will notice it because it may hit objects or not detect certain movements.
4. Feline panleukopenia
The virus that causes this disease in cats – popularly known as distemper – is similar to that caused by canine parvovirus; It is contagious when in contact with the bodily fluids of an infected specimen.
The symptom of feline panleukopenia are fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and depression.
It is prevented with a vaccine and treated with antibiotics and intravenous hydration; in the opposite case of not carrying out any of these practices can be fatal for the animal.
Another common disease in cats that 'shares' with dogs; It is transmitted through the bite or saliva of an infected animal.
In many cities and countries, the feline-and canine-rabies vaccine is mandatory, since It can be transmitted to human beings.
6. Feline immunodeficiency
It is popularly known as 'AIDS of cats', because it has characteristics very similar to HIV. The transmission of this disease happens during fights between several specimens and at least one is infected; It also occurs during mating and through the placenta in pregnant cats.
One of the best ways to avoid feline immunodeficiency is sterilize our pets, since until now there is no vaccine to prevent it.
Further, the symptoms are almost imperceptible until the picture is very advanced, and that reduces the chances of cure or treatment.
7. Kidney problems
Cats are prone to suffer from cystitis, nephritis or any other urinary tract infection, especially when they reach a certain age. The accumulation of minerals in the urinary tract – the so-called 'stones' – is very painful for the animal and forces it to change its daily habits.
For example, a cat with kidney problems will not urinate maybe for several days, will lick continually the genitals or their urination -anywhere in the house and outside the sandbox- it will be accompanied by blood.
It is essential that as soon as the signs of urinary infection appear, the animal is taken to the veterinarian to indicate the appropriate treatment. In most cases it includes changes in the diet – without sodium, for example – and medications to expel accumulated minerals.