Our oceans harbor more than 700,000 different species. Despite this, Green Peace estimates that less than 3% is protected. International regulations are partly responsible, although individuals also have the duty to take care of our oceans as best as possible.
The current unfortunate state of our marine ecosystems
According to Green Peace, 97% of the habitable habitat of our planet it is under the water of our oceans. And they not only provide a home for more than 700,000 different species of living beings, but they play an essential role in the existence of human life on Earth.
At present it is estimated that they reach our oceans until12 million tons of plasticsannually. This astronomical figure floods the seas of bags, bottles and microparticles what increasingly undermine the quality of life of the species marinas and they endanger their survival in which it should be a natural and safe environment.
The marine currents, in addition, extend plastics to all corners of the planet, which means thata plastic bag from Malaga may end up in the Pacific. Each of the levels of the marine food chain is gradually flooding of plastics without anyone seems to do anything to avoid it.
The struggle to defend marine life
The Global Ocean Commission, an international initiative that sought to mentalize the population and promote action plans that improve the health of our oceans, issued a report in 2015 in which he estimated that the discharges of plastics would reach a whopping 500 million tons by 2020.
Given these data, we must focus onconservation and sustainable useof the oceans, the seas and the resources obtained from them. For Green Peace, the most effective way to preserve the most vulnerable ecosystems is the creation of a network of marine sanctuaries.
Marine sanctuaries allow the creation of a space for the protection of species where reproduction and development are possible, regardless of industrial overexploitation, pollution and the effects of climate change.
Although there are still no international treaties whose goal is exclusively to take care of our oceans, Green Peace is working to make citizen awareness reach the institutions.
What can we do to take care of our oceans?
Although in the long term an institutional agreement is needed that takes the protection of the environment to the next level, there is little things what can we do at home that can help alleviate the waste load we produce.
- If you consume fish, try to make itseasonal and that comes fromsustainable hatcheries or oflocal trade.
- Usecloth bags, trolleys or backpacksinstead of the traditional plastic bags.
- When you're away from home, tryuse your own cutlery and not plastic ones.
- There are certaincosmetics What do they useplastic microspheres, which are usually frompolyethylene, polypropylene and nylon. They are usually found in exfoliating products. You can make homemade mixes at home with honey, sugar and aloe vera that are comparativelycheaper and less harmfulFor the enviroment.