Both the field and city rabbits are prone to suffer infections by parasites whose specific objective is their species. The types of parasites that affect them may not be as well known as those that are more common to dogs or cats. Thus, It is important to learn to distinguish them so you can deworm your rabbit.
Internal or intestinal parasites
Parasites can affect animals internally, that is to say, affect organs like the intestine or the spleen, or externally, that nest under the dermis or in the outer ear of the animal. Both the symptoms and the severity of the infection vary depending on the affected part.
The most common internal parasites are what affect the intestine. Among them, it is possible that you end up finding the coccidiosis. This sickness can affect both animals and humans, especially immunocompromised individuals.
Among the most common symptoms of coccidiosis we have the diarrhea and a weight loss together with a reduction in appetite. If it is not treated in time, This disease can dehydrate your rabbit and make it more prone to bacterial infections with deadly consequences.
Another known intestinal parasite is the nematode or intestinal worm, which at first sight does not cause symptoms. The worms can also affect the stomach or any other part of the digestive system, since they access their host orally. If your rabbit starts to lose weight or suddenly stops winning it, It may be that you have worms.
It is likely that you already know how to identify this type of parasite, and even how to deworm your pet in case it is affected by this type of parasite.
The fleas they are the most common in practically all mammals. They produce itching, stinging and skin irritation, so we just have to look at the frequency with which our rabbit scratches to know if it is affected or not. Most of the products that we apply to our cats or dogs are good for deworming your rabbit if it has a fleas.
Theticks They are less common in rabbits, but they are usually exposed to rabbits, especially if they live in a rural environment. The main problem with this type of parasite is that they are carriers of various diseases, so it is important that you check your fur regularly and that you learn to remove them safely.
The fly larva Cuterebra It is more common in dogs, but if it affects your rabbit it can have serious consequences for your health. They usually live in nature and can access your rabbit if it is rubbed, for example, against the stem of a plant colonized by this larva. They creep under the skin of the animal and form a circular bulge that is usually visible.
In the case that your rabbit is infected by this larva, it is very important that you do not try to take it away on your own. If you try to squeeze the bundle to make the parasite come out, your rabbit can go into shock. Go to your veterinarian as soon as possible if you think he may be affected, without trying anything at home.
Most effective methods to deworm your rabbit
The methods of deworming vary according to the type of parasite that affects our pet.
- In the case of intestinal parasites or that affect the digestive system, since they usually infect your rabbit orally, It is essential that you check the presence of larvae in your stool and that you obtain a definitive diagnosis from your veterinarian. To get rid of them, There are several medications, such as Fenbendazole, which you can supply to your rabbit in the form of syrup.
- In the case of fleas, you can resort to aspecial comb to remove fleas, as well as insecticidal powders or aerosols. To remove ticks, it is recommended to apply oil on the tick to be able to remove the head more easily. If you do not do this, it is likely to stay under your rabbit's skin and cause an infection.