Reptiles have become the striking mascots of the 21st century. Among them, iguanas stand out, because of the extravagance of their skin. However, These animals are prone to infections, burns, stress and a host of ailments that can be irreparable.
Having this pet requires preparation, care and the development of a controlled ecosystem. After all all the suffering that the animal may suffer will depend on external factors of the environment: cleanliness, sources of heat, etc.
But in principle, we must know what are the diseases of the iguana and the symptoms that help us identify them.
First, viruses, parasites and bacteria can do great harm to our pet. The combination of light, water, minerals, food and waste are the breeding ground for the propagation of protozoa.
Further, Amoebas and worms can affect the reptile. Infections as lethal as salmonella would cause great damage in the specimen and may be transmissible to humans.
Therefore, what will make the difference is how strengthened is the animal's immune system and its level of stress. In case of gastrointestinal infections, which are the most common, the warning symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea. If we observe this, it is best to go to the veterinarian.
One of the characteristic problems of the species has to do with difficulties in absorbing calcium from food. All this has its origin in the metabolism and the consequences can be notorious.
Another cause of this ailment has to do with the lack of ultraviolet light type B. Basically, the symptom of this clinical picture is seen in the appearance of the hind legs of the animal. These swell and look a little more dry than normal.
As a solution we have a couple of alternatives: supplement the feeding of the specimen with calcium supplements and provide the fluorescent and sunlight of the iguana's habitat. A) Yes we will avoid fractures and bone weakness.
As we have seen, Artificial and solar light are essential for the correct development of this type of reptile. When we place sources of lighting and heat in the terrarium, the iguanas tend to burn.
Thus, ideally, the sources of light and heat are out of reach of these animals. The skin of burned iguanas can turn black, grayish or reddish in the affected areas.
Mild burns heal on their own. In contrast, those of greater severity need medical treatment, especially if they produce ulcers in the animal.
The prolapse is, in medical terms, the decay or fall of some internal organ. This clinical picture affects the iguanas in the colon, oviduct, bladder and, even, in its reproductive organ the hemipene.
The problem is notorious because organs that must be inside your body suddenly come out and are seen from the outside. In this case the correct thing is to keep as clean as possible the protuberance and go to the vet.
We must keep in mind that the complications derived from this disease are infections. Generally, the exit of the organ is produced by parasites or pathogens, but the picture can always aggravate. This emergency in iguanas and lizards must be attended to quickly.
There will be several occasions when our iguana will break its fingers and nails. In general, the reason for this type of injuries are accidents. The animal falls on a grid or puts its foot between two rocks, etc.
The copy's own fear of being stuck plays a transcendental role in the situation. The main thing is to look at the depth and severity of the wound. In this sense, there are wounds that when pressed do not cause general pain in the pet.
But,If by chance there is a wound open to the naked eye, the right thing to do is go to the vet. As we have been able to glimpse, almost all diseases of the iguana are treatable if they are diagnosed in time, but only under specialized veterinary care.
This is an example of an animal where psychological and external factors can wreak havoc at the biological level. If an iguana is not comfortable and has adaptation problems in the ecosystem, it will go into stress.
And stress is a gateway to all kinds of diseases. Thus, It is essential to create a well-planned ecosystem and be alert to any strange behavior. If we want to avoid diseases of the iguana, it is right that they feel in harmony with the environment.
Source of the main image: Amy the Nurse