First aid is simple techniques to assist dogs urgently in case of accidents or injuries. When you have a pet, there is no more desperate situation than seeing her suffer without being able to help. But that can change when the owner knows the CPR and first aid maneuvers on dogs.
These procedures do not replace the veterinarian, but they can save the life of the animal and avoid consequences in their health. Therefore, we invite you to know our tips to urgently assist a dog.
Once again, it is worth remembering that maneuvering to urgently assist a dog is a first step. The veterinarian is the only one trained to indicate an adequate treatment to each dog.
Analyze the situation and the state of the animal
Before taking any initiative, It is essential to assess the situation and analyze the state in which the animal is found.
- Is the dog conscious? Does it respond to stimuli? Do you feel the touch?
- Does the dog breathe properly? Is it accelerated? Do they have respiratory deficiency?
- Does the animal have a pulse?
- Is there evidence of external bleeding? Are the mucous membranes whitish?
- Can you control your excretory pathways? Is there urine or feces near the injured animal?
- Do the mucous membranes and the tongue have a bluish (cyanotic) tone?
- Are there signs of intoxication? Has the animal eaten or drunk any toxic substance, poison, alcoholic beverage, etc.?
Answered these questions, you can proceed correctly according to the symptoms found.
CPR – Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
When the animal does not have a pulse or respiratory rhythm, it is essential to perform CPR maneuvers.
The dog must lie with the right side fully supported on the ground. The left side should face up and be free to receive maneuvers.
- Open the dog's mouth to find out that the throat and airways are clear of obstruction.
- In case of obstruction, remove it carefully. Check immediately if the animal recovers its cardiorespiratory rhythm.
- If there is no obstruction and / or the animal still does not breathe, follow the following steps according to the size of the animal.
- Keep the jaw firmly closed.
- Cover the muzzle of the animal with the mouth and exhale. The dog's chest should inflate with the air administered by its trunk.
- This technique can also be used for cats.
Medium and large dogs:
- Close and keep the dog's jaw firmly closed.
- Cover the nose of the animal with the mouth and exhale.
- Firmly place the palms of the hands on the animal's ribs just behind the articulation of the front leg.
- Small dogs: intercalate 10 compressions with 3 short exhalations.
- Large and medium dogs: insert 15 compressions with 5 short exhalations.
To urgently assist a dog drowned in the pool, in the sea or with water, the correct thing to do is to proceed as follows:
- Small dogs: hold it by the hind legs from head to bottom. Shake the animal gently, causing the water to be expelled by the force of gravity itself.
- Large dogs: the procedure is the same, but without hanging the animal.
If the animal does not recover respiratory capacity after expelling the water, proceed with the CPR maneuvers.
The first thing is to find out what is the cause of the poisoning.
The packaging of most products usually has indications in case of ingestion by humans and pets. It is essential to take this container to the veterinarian at the time of care.
In most cases, vomiting must be provoked immediately. The ideal is to administer oxygenated water lowered 50% directly to the throat of the animal with the help of a syringe.
Abuses, fractures or dislocations
When the dog suffers a fracture or dislocation, coming or not from an accident, it must be taken immediately to the veterinarian. It is not recommended to feed or drink or move excessively.
Internal bleeding can only be treated by the veterinarian. But it is possible to temporarily contain external hemorrhages with the following maneuvers:
- Superficial wounds: wash the wound with saline. Apply chlorhexidine or iodine solution.
- Deep wounds: press firmly to interrupt the flow of blood. Apply a suitable size bandage to cover the wound. It is not recommended to try a tourniquet.
If a dog suffers a burn of any nature, the steps to follow are: