If your pet is well fed you will feel healthier, stronger and happier. It's as simple as that. But many times we do not know what main components should be present in the dog's diet to pamper and care for it properly. In this article we tell you.
The necessary nutrients in the dog's diet
When we buy our feed we think that it has all the nutritional and nutritional needs covered, although this is not so. We must take into account what the diet of the animal needs at the moment of offering the food:
These are essential components for cells and for building or regenerating tissues. In turn they are very important to form enzymes and hormones as well as antibodies to prevent them from getting sick.
Puppies require more protein than adults in their diet (except for females when they are pregnant and when suckling their young). This nutrient is "lost" through feces, urine and hair. The main sources of protein for dogs are meat and cereals.
When there is a protein deficiency the dog will not grow properly, lose weight, have hair "off", get sick more often and will not feel appetite.
They are not the bad things of the film if they are ingested in adequate quantities. It is a great source of energy that also provide fatty acids, which serve to synthesize prostate glands and build cell walls.
The corn oil mixed in the feed is an excellent source of Omega 6 fatty acids (lack of which results in dandruff, skin lesions, dry hair and decreased fertility). Keep in mind that if your dog does a lot of exercise he will need more fats, beneficial for the heart in particular and the other organs in general.
3. Carbon hydrates
There are three types of carbohydrates in food: starches, sugars and polysaccharides. As with fats, if consumed in adequate amounts they are very good for your health. They are used to prevent constipation, obesity and diarrhea, They retain water in the body (as if they were sponges) and interact with other nutrients such as minerals to increase their properties.
The elderly, sick, sedentary dogs or pregnant and lactating females need a diet with a greater amount of carbohydrates.
Not only the liquid they can drink but also the liquid included in the meal. Puppies are constituted with 80% water and adults with 60%.
It is one more nutrient and it should not be left aside, since its lack can cause very serious problems and even death. It is known that a dog can lose up to 40% of his body weight by not eating but only 10% by not drinking.
Water regulates body temperature, eliminates waste through urine, aids in digestion and blood transport, among other advantages.
Of course they are necessary for the animal's daily life, both for its health and for its vital functions. The only vitamin that can be synthesized by the dog is C. The others must be supplied from the food and in the case of the D gets it when lying in the sun.
Each of the vitamins fulfills specific functions. For example, A repairs tissues and improves vision; D is related to the skin and the immune system and E is involved in reproduction and the circulatory system.
They are present in almost all foods, for this reason it is not common that there is a deficit of them. Further, they are required in small quantities, although they are not less important for that reason.
Among the minerals most used by the dog are calcium (for the formation of bones, muscles and nerves), iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium (intervenes in the balance of water) and zinc (participates in digestion ).
To finish we can not forget the dietary fiber, which helps in the digestive processes and is found in vegetables and cereals. Its deficit causes constipation.